When the first stone of the Peace Palace was laid during a festive ceremony, all countries that had stood at the cradle of the Permanent Court of Arbitration were called to donate precious building materials and artworks for the decoration of the building. In this way, they could express their support and belief in a new way of attaining peace. Vases came from China, Hungary and Poland. The United States sent statues, Turkey and Persia contributed carpets. Wood and stone were offered by Scandinavia and Brazil, marble by Italy. The result was a building of unprecedented international style with a surprising variety of colors and shapes.
For the decoration of the new peace temple a group of Dutch artists was engaged, who wanted to give new life to the old crafts and shared the architect’s preference for historical styles. Nature was an important source of inspiration: everywhere in the Peace Palace motives of flowers and plants can be found, interwoven with ancient symbols of peace and law. Hermann Rosse was mainly responsible for the many designs of windows and painted ceiling decorations. Firms such as Braat from Delft and Pander from The Hague were important suppliers of furniture. Rozenburg and the Porceleyne Fles created the elegant tiling for the walls.