The Japanese Room owes its name to the superb silk tapestries on the walls given by the Japanese Government. In 1909 Japan decided to assign the imperial firm of Kawashima Jimbei in Kyoto to manufacture the finest wall tapestries with a theme of flowers and birds for the new Temple of Peace in The Hague. These precious wall tapestries consist of nine panels, named Hundred flowers and hundred birds in late spring and early summer. The wall tapestries or gobelins are woven in the tradition of the ‘Tsuzure Nishiki‘ technique. This technique is one of the most refined, complex and rare weaving techniques in the world. For nearly five years in a row, 48.600 people worked day and night to produce this magnificent work of art.